The name for this genre of drinks comes from an integral ingredient, "fizzy water" (club soda). Fizzes are made by shaking all the ingredients (typically liquor, lemon juice and sugar) together with ice, then straining the mixture into an ice-filled glass and topping off with soda. The most popular of this drink category is the gin fizz
From The Food Lover's Companion, Fourth edition by Sharon Tyler Herbst and Ron Herbst. Copyright © 2007, 2001, 1995, 1990 by Barron's Educational Series, Inc.